System for viewing the area rearwardly of a vehicle

Abstract

An undistorted view of regions rearward of a vehicle such as a tractor-trailer is provided by a closed circuit television system wherein a television camera having a wide angle viewing capability is positioned at the rear of the vehicle at an effective viewing elevation between about 20% and 70% of the total height of the vehicle. The camera is protected against debilitating factors by a protective enclosure which occupies minimal space and affords secure attachment to said vehicle by virtue of a mounting wherein the axis of said camera lens is horizontally disposed in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of said vehicle. A mirror associated with said camera lens at a 45 degree angle thereto serves the two-fold purpose of permitting the desired mode of mounting of said enclosure, and reversing the image presented to said camera. The camera is connected by means of electrical wires to a television receiver positioned within easy view of the driver of the vehicle.

Claims

What is claimed is: 1. In a viewing system for observing the area rearward of an automotive vehicle having a cabin area forward of an enclosed cargo section, a substantially flat panel adjacent the rear end of said cargo section, said panel being substantially vertically disposed and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of said vehicle, and a television circuit comprising a camera positioned at the rear of said vehicle and connected by electrical wires to a display device positioned within said cabin area, the improved features comprising: (a) a camera assembly comprising a television camera body and associated lens housed within a protective enclosure having a first transparent window optically aligned with said lens, (b) said protective enclosure being mounted to an inside surface of said panel in a manner such that the axis of said lens lies horizontally in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of said vehicle, (c) light deflecting means positioned in front of said lens to cause light coming from behind the vehicle to bend 90 degrees to enter said lens, and further causing left-to-right reversal of the image entering said lens, and (d) an aperture within said panel admitting light onto said light deflecting means and positioned at a location between 20% and 70% of the total height of said vehicle. 2. The viewing system of claim 1 wherein said cabin area is pivotally joined to said cargo section. 3. The viewing system of claim 2 wherein said electrical wires are provided with plug-and-socket connecting means at a location adjacent the front end of said cargo section. 4. The viewing system of claim 1 wherein said light deflecting means comprises a reflective flat surface vertically positioned at a 45 degree angle with respect to the axis of said lens. 5. The viewing system of claim 1 wherein said aperture contains a second transparent window, the outer surface of which is coplanar with the exterior surface of said panel. 6. The viewing system of claim 5 wherein means are provided to clean said second transparent window. 7. The viewing system of claim 1 wherein said protective enclosure contains resilient means acting between said camera and the interiorly disposed surfaces of said enclosure. 8. The viewing system of claim 5 wherein said lens, in combination with said first and second windows constitutes an optical system having an angle of light acceptance of between 30 degrees and 100 degrees. 9. The viewing system of claim 1 wherein said panel is a portion of the rear of said cargo section. 10. The viewing system of claim 1 wherein said panel is a portion of the framework of said vehicle located underneath said cargo section.
This application is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 956,695 filed Nov. 1, 1978 by the same inventor, now abandoned. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention concerns a system to be used on an automotive vehicle whereby the driver of said vehicle is provided with an improved view of the region rearward of the vehicle. The system comprises a closed circuit television system specially adapted for use on an automotive vehicle. As is well known, automotive vehicles have one or more "blind spots" or areas where the driver or operator is unable to see an object behind the vehicle he is operating. This is particularly the case when the vehicle is comprised of a drive or tractor unit pivotably attached to a trailered cargo unit. In such instances, the driver, seated in the drive unit may not secure an adequate view of regions behind his vehicle by conventional rear-view mirrors. The need for an adequate view of regions behind the vehicle is particularly necessary when the vehicle is in reverse motion as when backing toward a loading dock or into a parking space. In such situations, the view must be not only complete but in proper perspective, thereby permitting the driver to accurately manipulate the vehicle. The use of a television camera equipped with a wide angle lens and mounted at the rear of the vehicle may be contemplated to provide the necessary viewing function. Although wide angle lenses, having light acceptance angles of 30° to 100°, provide a greater field of view than lenses of lesser acceptance angle, they may introduce distortion of perspective, particularly if the camera is positioned in a manner to produce a view different than the driver's normal view taken on a generally horizontal line of sight from a location close to median height of the vehicle. Certain difficulties confront the installation of operational viewing equipment such as a television camera at the rear of a vehicle, particularly in the case of commercial vehicles such as trucks. Weather factors such as rain, ice, high wind velocities and wide extremes of temperature and humidity impose severe limitations on the durability and continued functionality of ordinary equipment. Prolonged highway travel subjects the surfaces of a truck, particularly its rear surfaces, to accumulation of dirt and contact with chemicals utilized in the de-icing of roadways. Abrasive action is experienced by virtue of sand and other particulate materials propelled against the outer surfaces of the truck by adjacent vehicles in motion. The effects of vibration and jolting must also be taken into consideration. Additional protection of equipment is required with respect to vandalism, and damage due to impact. Although certain aspects of equipment protection can be achieved by mounting viewing equipment within a truck adjacent its rear panel, such expedient might detract from cargo space and may additionally render the equipment vulnerable to impact damage from the cargo itself. This is especially the case with cargo compartments shaped as box-like rectangular structures having a flat rear panel. The structural framework of a truck may also provide a reasonably sheltered location for the mounting of a television camera, particularly that portion of the framework located below the cargo compartment at the rear end of the vehicle. Said portions of the structural framework generally contain panel sections and are frequently utilized for housing tail lights and turn indicator signals. However, an inside surface of the structural framework may not be able to accommodate bulky objects without interference with other components. 2. Description of the Prior Art The use of a television camera to view the region behind a vehicle is disclosed in an article by J. F. Mason on pages 38 and 40 of Electronic Design 20, Sept. 28, 1972. It is stated at page 40 of said article that the image produced by the TV camera must be reversed to its mirror image in order to produce a view that drivers are accustomed to seeing. No specific manner of image reversal is disclosed. A system for viewing rearwardly of a tractor-trailer vehicle by means of closed circuit television has been disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,689,695 to Rosenfield. In said patent, a television camera is mounted atop a tractor or cab unit which pulls a trailered cargo compartment. Even though the camera is provided with a complex adjustable positioning system, its location atop the cab unit makes it impossible to view the region directly adjacent the rear of the trailered compartment. Another system for viewing rearwardly of a tractor-trailer vehicle utilizing closed circuit television is disclosed in British Pat. No. 934,037 which utilizes a television camera mounted within a towed cargo trailer adjacent the top of the rear panel thereof. Although the camera is sheltered, its high position, chosen presumably to minimize interference with cargo, necessitates a downward camera angle to view the ground adjacent the rear of the trailer. Said downward angle produces views contrary to the driver's customarily perceived view. French Pat. No. 2,302,648 discloses the use of a television camera for visual surveillance in buildings such as banks. In order to occupy minimal space behind a wall, the camera is mounted in sideways position to the rear of said wall. To facilitate scanning of a wide area, the camera is vertically oriented below a pivotably adjustable mirror located opposite a transparent window in side wall. Although an inverted image is produced by such arrangement, undisclosed means are presumably utilized to correct said image. The use of a protective enclosure for a television camera has been disclosed in Australian Pat. No. 250,218. It is an object of the present invention to provide a closed circuit television system for viewing rearwardly of an automotive vehicle. It is another object to provide a closed circuit television system for viewing rearwardly of an automotive vehicle, said system utilizing a television camera positioned so as to secure adequate view and perspective of regions rearwardly adjacent said vehicle. It is a further object of this invention to provide a closed circuit television system of the aforementioned nature wherein the television camera is mounted to an inside surface adjacent the rear of a cargo compartment and protected against the debilitating effects of weather and highway useage. It is a still further object to provide a closed circuit television system of the aforesaid nature utilizing a protected television camera mounted to an inside surface of a rear panel of a cargo compartment and which does not significantly intrude into said compartment. These objects and other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The above and other beneficial objects and advantages are accomplished in accordance with the present invention by an improved closed circuit television system which comprises a television camera mounted at the rear of an automotive vehicle, a television receiver or display unit positioned to be viewed by the driver in a forward region or compartment of the vehicle, and wiring which interconnects the camera with the receiver and a source of electrical energy. This invention is based in part on the discovery that proper viewing perspective is achieved only when the view secured by the television camera is taken at a site between 20% and 70% of the total height of the vehicle, and the viewing axis does not deviate more than 30 degrees from horizontal. The camera, comprising a lens connected to a camera body, is positioned within a protective enclosure mounted to an inside surface of a substantially vertical structural panel adjacent the rear of the vehicle. Suitable inside surfaces include for example that surface of a rear panel or door of a cargo section which is directed toward the interior of said cargo section, and that surface of the lower rear framework which is directed toward the front of the vehicle. The protective enclosure, having a transparent window to admit light to said lens, is mounted in a position such that the axis of the lens of the confined camera is horizontal and in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. Deflecting means such as a mirror, mounted generally between said lens and said window, deflects light at substantially a 90 degree angle, whereby light incident at a right angle to said camera is caused to enter said lens. An aperture in said structural panel to which the protective enclosure is mounted admits light to said window, said aperture being located at a site between 20% and 70% of the total height of the vehicle. This invention is based in part on the further discovery that, if a television camera is mounted in sideways disposition to a rear panel surface of a vehicle in order to minimize the space requirements of the camera, the selection of a horizontal disposition of said camera and the placement of a 90 degree reflecting mirror in front of the lens of said camera permit transmission of an image to the vehicle operator which is equivalent to the image he is accustomed to seeing in a conventional rear-view mirror. The 90 degree reflecting mirror, in conjunction with the afore-mentioned specific system, therefore serves two purposes, namely: (1) permits the camera to be mounted sideways against a substantially vertical rear panel surface of a vehicle, and (2) reverses from left to right the image that would otherwise be produced by said camera if its lens were pointed directly behind said vehicle. The camera is connected to the receiver by a conventional wiring circuit. In certain embodiments the wiring is provided with an easily connectible plug receptacle to permit facile separation and re-connection of the wiring circuit. In a preferred specific embodiment, cover means may be provided to protectively shield the aperture in the structural panel when the viewing system is not in use, said cover means being activated by electrical means controlled from the driver's compartment. In a still further embodiment, said aperture contains a transparent window flush mounted with the outer surface of said panel, and means for eliminating the accumulation of water on said window. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification and in which similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawing: FIG. 1 is a side view of an automotive vehicle incorporating the viewing system of this invention. FIG. 2 is a front view of an embodiment of a television camera assembly used in the practice of this invention. FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the camera assembly of FIG. 2. FIG. 4 is a top view of the camera assembly of FIG. 2, taken along the lines 4--4 of FIG. 3. FIG. 5 is a top view of an alternative embodiment of a camera assembly of the present invention. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 1 illustrates an automotive vehicle of tractor-trailer design embodying the viewing system of this invention. The tractor or drive member 10 includes a cabin compartment 11 which accommodates the driver 12and the basic controls for the operation of the vehicle. The tractor members is connected by pivoting coupling 13 to the trailer member 14 which comprises a rectangular cargo compartment 15 bounded on four sides by relatively thin, flat vertical panels having closure means such as doors which afford controlled access to the cargo space, and bounded on top by a flat roof structure 44, and bounded from below by a load-supporting floor 45, shown in phantom outline. A television camera assembly 17 is mounted to an inside surface 47 of rear panel door 16. A framework panel 48 extends below door 16 and floor 45 as a continuation ofthe rear surface of cargo compartment 15. A bumper 49 is mounted adjacent the lowermost extremity of framework panel 48. The camera assembly 17 has a viewing axis 42 which bisects its angle of light acceptance, shown as angle A. The viewing axis shown in FIG. 1 is horizontal and coextensive with the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. The camera assembly is connected by an electrical wiring circuit 18 to a television receiver or display unit 19 mounted within the cabin compartment 11 within close view of the driver. A plug-like coupling 20 isprovided within the wiring circuit to facilitate disconnection of the wiring circuit whenever the tractor member is separated from the trailer member. As shown more clearly in FIGS. 2 and 4, camera assembly 17 comprises a camera 46 consisting of a lens 21 attached to a camera body 22, said camera being housed within rectangular box-like protective enclosure 23. The protective enclosure is completely closed except for a passageway permitting emergence of the electrical wiring circuit 18, and said passageway is otherwise sealed with a resinous composition. Shock-absorbing resilient means 24, which may be springs, foamed plastics,pneumatic cushions or equivalent structures surround the camera, causing itto be substantially centrally seated within protective enclosure 23. The front end wall 43 of said protective enclosure, directly in front of the camera lens, contains a first transparent window 25 in abutment with the forward end of lens 21. The enclosure 23 is mounted to a flat portion of the interior surface of the rear panel door 16 by means of brackets 26, shown in FIG. 4, although other mounting means such as adhesives may be employed. Positioned directly in front of lens 21, as shown most clearly in FIG. 4, is a flat mirror 27 mounted at a 45 degree angle with respect to the lens axis. An aperture 40 in rear panel 16 is positioned in front of mirror 27 and located at a site between 20% and 70% of the height of the vehicle. A second transparent window, outer window 28, is sealed within aperture 40. Below outer window 28 on the outside of rear panel door 16 is window cleaning means 29 embodied as an oscillating wiper having rubber blade 30 attached to arm 31 that pivots about drive spindle 32. The function of window cleaning means 29 is to remove water from the outside surface of outer window 28. Other window cleaning means such as air vents and other equivalent expedients may alternatively be employed. A protective shutter 33 is pivotably positioned above outer window 28. A solenoid 34 connected by plunger arm 35 to curved tab 36 attached to shutter 33 controls the upward and downward positioning of the shutter. Inits downward position, the shutter covers outer window 28, thereby protecting it from rain, dirt, and impact damage. The periphery of the shutter may be provided with resilient gasketing so that it forms a reasonably tight fit around outer window 28. The first window 25 of said enclosure and second window 28 in said panel may be fabricated of glass, or transparent plastic materials such as polycarbonate or polyacrylate. Said windows and mirror 27 may have perimeter contours that are round, square or of other configurations adequately sized to encompass the necessary angle of view for the camera lens. In some embodiments, the mirror 27, first window 25, or second window 28 may possess some surface curvature in order to increase the angle of view of the lens. Modification of the field of view of the cameralens may in fact be achieved by utilizing single lenses of various focal lengths as the outer window 28. Said outer window 28 may be mounted in shock-resistant mode using resilient means to absorb the energy of impacts. The outer surface of window 28 is preferably coplanar with the outer surface of panel 16, thereby facilitating the cleaning of said window by window-cleaning means 29. In an alternative embodiment of camera assembly 17, as illustrated in FIG. 5, mirror 27, may be housed within enclosure 23. A ring of resilient material 41 may be placed on the front of lens 21 to prevent hand contact with mirror 27. In such modification, first window 25 is positioned in side wall 38 of enclosure 23 in adjacent opposition to aperture 40 in panel 16. Second window 28, which fits within aperture 40 may be an integral extension of side wall 38, or may be a separate flat member adhered or otherwise attached to side wall 38. The extent of protrusion ofsecond window 28 into aperture 40 may be adjusted by mounting brackets or otherwise to secure coplanarity of the outer face of second window 28 withthe outer surface of panel 16. The perimeter gap between window 28 and aperture 40 may be filled with a caulking agent to prevent entrance of water through panel 16. An external electrical connector 39 facilitates attachment of wires 18 and permits enclosure 23 to be completely sealed, thereby avoiding problems of condensation of moisture within said enclosure. Furthermore, the entire camera assembly may be readily fastenedto an inside flat surface of panel 16 by abutment with side wall 38 of enclosure 23. The primary function of the optical deflecting means is to cause light raysfrom the region rearward of the vehicle to enter the lens, said lens being mounted such that its axis is horizontal and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle. The optical deflecting means, whether a mirror, prism or equivalents thereto will additionally cause the resultantimage to be reversed from left to right, and thereby have the same appearance as the image produced by conventional rear view mirrors. The camera is preferably one using solid state components and charge-coupled sensor devices. One such suitable camera is the Fairchild MV-201 miniature CCD television camera equipped with a C-mount lens, marketed by Fairchild Imaging Systems of Syosset, N.Y. The body of this camera has a height of 2", a width of 21/4" and a length of 33/4". With the lens in place, the overall length of the camera is about 5" to 9", depending upon the focal length of the lens employed. Since the camera of this invention requires a wide angle of view of between 30 degrees and 100degrees, lenses having focal lengths of 5 to 25 mm would generally be utilized, and the consequent overall length of the camera would be less than about 6". By mounting the camera sideways against an inside rear panel of the truck instead of lengthwise, pointing through a rear panel, there is a saving of about 3" of space. Since the protective enclosure mayadd another 2" to the width of the overall camera assembly, the total protrusion of the camera assembly into a cargo compartment or into space under the structural framework of the vehicle will be less than about 5". This represents a significant reduction in space requirement over prior art installations. It should also be noted that, because the camera assembly is mounted along an entire side to the supporting structural panel and because it protrudes minimally from said panel, it enjoys a verysecure mounting, and one which will resist severance by impact from cargo or other factors. The angle of view A, is preferably between 30 degrees and 100 degrees. The viewing axis 42 shown in FIG. 1 is preferably horizontally disposed, however tilting of the viewing axis upward or downward within a vertical plane by as much as 30 degrees of angle with respect to horizontal may be utilized without significant introduction of adverse distortional effects. The protective enclosure is fabricated of rigid material such as wood, metal or plastic. Clear plastic material such as polyacrylate is preferable because it facilitates visual observation of the condition of the enclosed camera. Also, first window 25 may be any portion of the enclosure. Although a rectangular box-like enclosure has been exemplified in the drawing, cylindrical and other shapes may be utilized provided theyare reasonably close-fitting with respect to the camera, and facilitate mounting to the inside surface of a rear panel. In the case of cargo compartments having insulated walls, the protective enclosure may lie within or underneath the insulative material. The wiring circuit, consisting essentially of a bundle of electrically conducting wires extending from the camera assembly to the television receiver in the cabin compartment is arranged in substantially the manner disclosed in FIG. 2 of Br. Pat. No. 934,037, including a plug and socket connector located near the front of the trailer. However, additional separate circuits may be added to facilitate operation of shutter 33 and wiper 29. Optionally, additional provisions may be made in the wiring to accommodate a zoom lens whose focal length would be remotely adjustable bythe driver from the cabin compartment, and a variable light intensity filter. Such controls are readily accomplished by small electrical motors coupled to mechanical components in a manner well known in the art. The television receiver is located in the cabin compartment, mounted on thedashboard or elsewhere within easy view of the driver. Conventional mounting brackets may be utilized, preferably permitting horizontal and vertical positional adjustment of the viewing screen. The various controlsmay be mounted directly on the television receiver or closely adjacent thereto. By virtue of the special features of the present invention, a closed circuit viewing system is provided which gives the driver of the vehicle an undistorted view of regions rearward of his vehicle. The camera unit ofthe system is protected from debilitating operational hazards and is made to occupy minimal space within the cargo compartment or within the structural framework of the vehicle. Although the invention is intended primarily for use with tractor-trailer trucks, it also finds utility in recreational trailers, motor homes, van-type vehicles, boat trailers, flat-bed trailers, buses, and other vehicles. While particular examples of the present invention have been shown and described, it is apparent that changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the invention in its broadest aspects. The aim of the appended claims, therefore, is to cover all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

Description

Topics

Download Full PDF Version (Non-Commercial Use)

Patent Citations (4)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    FR-2302648-A1September 24, 1976Stem ElectroniqueTeleportier video pour platine de rue
    GB-881000-ANovember 01, 1961Emi LtdImprovements in or relating to television cameras
    GB-934037-AAugust 14, 1963Ken Stephens Entpr LtdImprovements in or relating to rear viewing devices for vehicles
    US-3689695-ASeptember 05, 1972Harry C Rosenfield, Chang C ChenVehicle viewing system

NO-Patent Citations (1)

    Title
    "Electronic Whiz Kids Display Better Ideas for Building Cars", Mason-Electronic Design 20, Sep. 28, 1972, pp. 38 and 40, 358-393.

Cited By (382)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-2005093975-A1May 05, 2005Hamdan Majed M., Dennis LoshAdaptation of vision systems for commerical vehicles
    US-8972109-B2March 03, 2015Ford Global TechnologiesRotatable driver interface for trailer backup assist
    US-4986187-AJanuary 22, 1991Lionel Trains, Inc.Toy vehicle assembly with video display capability
    US-9057875-B2June 16, 2015Gentex CorporationDisplay mirror assembly
    US-9505349-B2November 29, 2016Gentex CorporationDisplay mirror assembly
    US-4884145-ANovember 28, 1989Loral CorporationAlignment of double eccentric aiming system for solid state camera
    US-9487144-B2November 08, 2016Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.Interior mirror assembly with display
    US-8572895-B2November 05, 2013GM Global Technology Operations LLCReceiver/emitter cover utilizing active material actuation
    US-8446470-B2May 21, 2013Magna Electronics, Inc.Combined RGB and IR imaging sensor
    US-6568983-B1May 27, 2003Intel CorporationVideo enhanced guided toy vehicles
    US-6891563-B2May 10, 2005Donnelly CorporationVehicular vision system
    US-2004051634-A1March 18, 2004Kenneth Schofield, Larson Mark L., Vadas Keith J.Vision system for a vehicle including image processor
    US-2005128294-A1June 16, 2005Trailer Technology.Rear viewing device and method
    US-8142059-B2March 27, 2012Magna Electronics Inc.Automatic lighting system
    US-8072318-B2December 06, 2011Donnelly CorporationVideo mirror system for vehicle
    US-8063753-B2November 22, 2011Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-6201642-B1March 13, 2001Donnelly CorporationVehicular vision system with a wide angle lens including a diffractive element
    US-2011149077-A1June 23, 2011Marc RobertSide Mirrow System With Video Display
    US-8177376-B2May 15, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular interior rearview mirror system
    US-8304711-B2November 06, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicle rearview mirror system
    US-2006156361-A1July 13, 2006Wang Walter W, Shirley Wang, An Pao YRemote viewing system
    US-9073491-B2July 07, 2015Donnelly CorporationExterior rearview mirror assembly
    GB-2353163-AFebruary 14, 2001Ziad MiskawiElectronic rear viewing system for vehicles
    US-5956079-ASeptember 21, 1999Agriland Designs, Inc.Agricultural vehicle monitoring system
    US-2004160786-A1August 19, 2004Bauer Frederick T., Lois Bauer, Roberts John K., Stam Joseph S.Systems and components for enhancing rear vision from a vehicle
    US-6825472-B2November 30, 2004Canon Kabushiki KaishaRadiation imaging system
    US-7006129-B1February 28, 2006Mcclure Daniel RRear-view display system for vehicle with obstructed rear view
    US-8271187-B2September 18, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular video mirror system
    US-8503062-B2August 06, 2013Donnelly CorporationRearview mirror element assembly for vehicle
    US-6717610-B1April 06, 2004Donnelly CorporationWide angle image capture system for vehicle
    US-6218960-B1April 17, 2001Yazaki CorporationRear-view monitor for use in vehicles
    US-7572017-B2August 11, 2009Donnelly CorporationSignal mirror system for a vehicle
    US-9352623-B2May 31, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Trailer hitching aid system for vehicle
    US-5027200-AJune 25, 1991Edward Petrossian, Petrossian Ashkhen AEnhanced viewing at side and rear of motor vehicles
    US-5670935-ASeptember 23, 1997Donnelly CorporationRearview vision system for vehicle including panoramic view
    US-8779910-B2July 15, 2014Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-8405725-B2March 26, 2013Donnelly CorporationVehicular video processor module
    US-4961637-AOctober 09, 1990Ou Jan ChouRear view lens apparatus for automotive vehicle
    US-7832882-B2November 16, 2010Donnelly CorporationInformation mirror system
    US-9221399-B2December 29, 2015Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.Automotive communication system
    US-8325986-B2December 04, 2012Donnelly CorporationImaging system for vehicle
    US-8189871-B2May 29, 2012Donnelly CorporationVision system for vehicle
    US-2008291522-A1November 27, 2008Donnelly CorporationExterior reflective mirror element for a vehicle rearview mirror assembly
    US-2008094684-A1April 24, 2008Donnelly CorporationVehicular signal mirror
    US-9117123-B2August 25, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular rear view camera display system with lifecheck function
    US-4650634-AMarch 17, 1987Westinghouse Electric Corp.Quick release cushioned T.V. camera mount
    US-7488083-B2February 10, 2009Gentex CorporationVehicular rearview components and assemblies
    US-7446650-B2November 04, 2008Donnelly CorporationAccessory system suitable for use in a vehicle
    US-8179236-B2May 15, 2012Donnelly CorporationVideo mirror system suitable for use in a vehicle
    US-9346396-B2May 24, 2016Ford Global Technologies, LlcSupplemental vehicle lighting system for vision based target detection
    US-7898719-B2March 01, 2011Donnelly CorporationRearview mirror assembly for vehicle
    US-8083386-B2December 27, 2011Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror assembly with display device
    EP-0758834-A3April 16, 1997Hughes Aircraft CoKostengünstiges Nachsichtgerät für Fahrzeuge und Verfahren zur Montage
    US-7265656-B2September 04, 2007Donnelly CorporationVehicle imaging system
    US-8610992-B2December 17, 2013Donnelly CorporationVariable transmission window
    US-7532233-B2May 12, 2009Fu Lai ChuVehicle monitoring apparatus
    US-8154418-B2April 10, 2012Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.Interior rearview mirror system
    US-6320612-B1November 20, 2001Jan J. YoungVehicular camera system with plural perspectives
    US-8608327-B2December 17, 2013Donnelly CorporationAutomatic compass system for vehicle
    US-8792003-B2July 29, 2014Sony CorporationCamera device
    US-8908039-B2December 09, 2014Donnelly CorporationVehicular video mirror system
    US-9758102-B1September 12, 2017Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
    US-5760848-AJune 02, 1998Cho; Myeong-EonVideo monitor apparatus having display module capable of being used as a portable television receiver
    US-9191574-B2November 17, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular vision system
    US-6498620-B2December 24, 2002Donnelly CorporationVision system for a vehicle including an image capture device and a display system having a long focal length
    US-7579939-B2August 25, 2009Donnelly CorporationVideo mirror system suitable for use in a vehicle
    US-8217830-B2July 10, 2012Magna Electronics Inc.Forward facing sensing system for a vehicle
    US-7005974-B2February 28, 2006Donnelly CorporationVehicle imaging system
    US-9463744-B2October 11, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for a vehicle
    US-8525703-B2September 03, 2013Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-8170748-B1May 01, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicle information display system
    US-7974444-B2July 05, 2011Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.Image processor and vehicle surrounding visual field support device
    US-7561181-B2July 14, 2009Donnelly CorporationVehicular vision system
    US-7490007-B2February 10, 2009Donnelly CorporationVideo mirror system for a vehicle
    US-8282226-B2October 09, 2012Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-7859737-B2December 28, 2010Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system for a vehicle
    US-8593521-B2November 26, 2013Magna Electronics Inc.Imaging system for vehicle
    US-9796332-B2October 24, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Imaging system for vehicle
    US-6175300-B1January 16, 2001Byron K. KendrickBlind spot viewing system
    US-7667579-B2February 23, 2010Donnelly CorporationInterior mirror system
    US-9171217-B2October 27, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-9736435-B2August 15, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    WO-2004012962-A2February 12, 2004Mekra Lang Gmbh & Co. KgMovable camera for vehicles with a tarp structure
    US-8288711-B2October 16, 2012Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system with forwardly-viewing camera and a control
    US-8637801-B2January 28, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for a vehicle
    US-9694749-B2July 04, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Trailer hitching aid system for vehicle
    US-2010188508-A1July 29, 2010Donnelly CorporationVehicular video system
    US-7586666-B2September 08, 2009Donnelly Corp.Interior rearview mirror system for a vehicle
    US-7526103-B2April 28, 2009Donnelly CorporationImaging system for vehicle
    US-6672745-B1January 06, 2004Gentex CorporationSystems and components for enhancing rear vision from a vehicle
    US-2010238288-A1September 23, 2010Mark A Klaerner, Evan Corwin, Middione Mark A, Kelly Christopher JMethod and apparatus for protecting troops
    US-8267559-B2September 18, 2012Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror assembly for a vehicle
    US-9191634-B2November 17, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-9575315-B2February 21, 2017Gentex CorporationDisplay mirror assembly
    US-7864399-B2January 04, 2011Donnelly CorporationReflective mirror assembly
    US-8325028-B2December 04, 2012Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-2014218601-A1August 07, 2014Harnischfeger Technologies, Inc.Enclosure for an optical device
    WO-2004012962-A3April 08, 2004Mekra Lang Gmbh & Co KgBewegliche kamera für fahrzeuge mit planenaufbau
    US-8222588-B2July 17, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular image sensing system
    US-9545883-B2January 17, 2017Donnelly CorporationExterior rearview mirror assembly
    US-8095260-B1January 10, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicle information display
    US-7425076-B2September 16, 2008Donnelly CorporationVision system for a vehicle
    US-8134117-B2March 13, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular having a camera, a rain sensor and a single-ball interior electrochromic mirror assembly attached at an attachment element
    US-8884788-B2November 11, 2014Donnelly CorporationAutomotive communication system
    US-7859565-B2December 28, 2010Donnelly CorporationVision system for a vehicle including image processor
    US-8465163-B2June 18, 2013Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-8309907-B2November 13, 2012Donnelly CorporationAccessory system suitable for use in a vehicle and accommodating a rain sensor
    US-6693524-B1February 17, 2004George R. PayneVehicle backup monitoring and alarm system
    US-5689442-ANovember 18, 1997Witness Systems, Inc.Event surveillance system
    US-9783114-B2October 10, 2017Donnelly CorporationVehicular video mirror system
    US-8506096-B2August 13, 2013Donnelly CorporationVariable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
    US-6509832-B1January 21, 2003Gentex CorporationSystems and components for enhancing rear vision from a vehicle
    WO-2013022576-A1February 14, 2013Continental Automotive Systems, Inc.Camera monitoring device and method for a motor vehicle
    US-7311406-B2December 25, 2007Donnelly CorporationImage sensing system for a vehicle
    US-7918570-B2April 05, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicular interior rearview information mirror system
    US-7731403-B2June 08, 2010Donnelly CorpoationLighting system for a vehicle, with high-intensity power LED
    US-4420238-ADecember 13, 1983Felix Larry LApparatus for enabling concealing surveillance by use of a camera in a vehicle
    US-8754943-B2June 17, 2014Bae Systems Information And Electronic Systems Integration Inc.Method and apparatus for protecting troops
    US-7583184-B2September 01, 2009Donnelly CorporationVideo mirror system suitable for use in a vehicle
    US-8483439-B2July 09, 2013Donnelly CorporationVision system for vehicle
    US-8094002-B2January 10, 2012Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-7822543-B2October 26, 2010Donnelly CorporationVideo display system for vehicle
    US-7388182-B2June 17, 2008Donnelly CorporationImage sensing system for controlling an accessory or headlight of a vehicle
    US-9428192-B2August 30, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-9446713-B2September 20, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Trailer angle detection system
    US-7459664-B2December 02, 2008Donnelly CorporationImage sensing system for a vehicle
    US-9019091-B2April 28, 2015Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-9607242-B2March 28, 2017Ford Global Technologies, LlcTarget monitoring system with lens cleaning device
    US-8909426-B2December 09, 2014Ford Global Technologies, The Regents Of The University Of MichiganTrailer path curvature control for trailer backup assist
    US-8818042-B2August 26, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for vehicle
    US-8874317-B2October 28, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Parking assist system
    US-6550949-B1April 22, 2003Gentex CorporationSystems and components for enhancing rear vision from a vehicle
    US-9656608-B2May 23, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assist system for vehicle
    US-8705161-B2April 22, 2014Donnelly CorporationMethod of manufacturing a reflective element for a vehicular rearview mirror assembly
    US-9126525-B2September 08, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Alert system for vehicle
    US-8825328-B2September 02, 2014Ford Global Technologies, The Regents Of The University Of MichiganDetection of and counter-measures for jackknife enabling conditions during trailer backup assist
    US-9436880-B2September 06, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicle vision system
    US-D783480-SApril 11, 2017Gentex CorporationRearview device
    US-2010171832-A1July 08, 2010Evan SolidaRear-view display system for a bicycle
    US-8194133-B2June 05, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular video mirror system
    US-9720278-B2August 01, 2017Gentex CorporationLow cost optical film stack
    US-8643724-B2February 04, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Multi-camera vision system for a vehicle
    US-8879139-B2November 04, 2014Gentex CorporationDisplay mirror assembly
    US-7711479-B2May 04, 2010Donnelly CorporationRearview assembly with display
    US-8654433-B2February 18, 2014Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.Rearview mirror assembly for vehicle
    US-8890955-B2November 18, 2014Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.Adaptable wireless vehicle vision system based on wireless communication error
    US-9090211-B2July 28, 2015Donnelly CorporationVariable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
    US-5763882-AJune 09, 1998Hughes Aircraft CompanyLow cost night vision camera
    US-D797627-SSeptember 19, 2017Gentex CorporationRearview mirror device
    US-7888629-B2February 15, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicular accessory mounting system with a forwardly-viewing camera
    US-5949331-ASeptember 07, 1999Donnelly CorporationDisplay enhancements for vehicle vision system
    US-8228588-B2July 24, 2012Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror information display system for a vehicle
    US-7873187-B2January 18, 2011Donnelly CorporationDriver assistance system for vehicle
    US-8282253-B2October 09, 2012Donnelly CorporationMirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
    US-7871169-B2January 18, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicular signal mirror
    US-8636393-B2January 28, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for vehicle
    US-9457717-B2October 04, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Parking assist system
    US-9802542-B2October 31, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Trailer angle detection system calibration
    US-7771061-B2August 10, 2010Donnelly CorporationDisplay mirror assembly suitable for use in a vehicle
    US-RE38967-EFebruary 07, 2006K & F Manufacturing, Ltd.Video monitor and housing assembly
    US-8162518-B2April 24, 2012Donnelly CorporationAdaptive forward lighting system for vehicle
    US-9744907-B2August 29, 2017Gentex CorporationVehicle vision system having adjustable displayed field of view
    US-7906756-B2March 15, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicle rearview mirror system
    US-7571042-B2August 04, 2009Donnelly CorporationNavigation system for a vehicle
    US-8797627-B2August 05, 2014Donnelly CorporationExterior rearview mirror assembly
    US-D798207-SSeptember 26, 2017Gentex CorporationRearview mirror assembly
    US-7916009-B2March 29, 2011Donnelly CorporationAccessory mounting system suitable for use in a vehicle
    US-9014966-B2April 21, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assist system for vehicle
    US-9245448-B2January 26, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for a vehicle
    US-9834142-B2December 05, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Driving assist system for vehicle
    US-2006072008-A1April 06, 2006Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Structure for attaching stereoscopic camera in vehicle
    US-7494231-B2February 24, 2009Donnelly CorporationVehicular signal mirror
    US-8277059-B2October 02, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular electrochromic interior rearview mirror assembly
    US-7057500-B1June 06, 2006Belloso Gregorio MRear view monitoring system for motor vehicles
    US-7423248-B2September 09, 2008Donnelly CorporationAutomatic exterior light control for a vehicle
    US-8543330-B2September 24, 2013Donnelly CorporationDriver assist system for vehicle
    US-9714037-B2July 25, 2017Trimble Navigation LimitedDetection of driver behaviors using in-vehicle systems and methods
    US-4817948-AApril 04, 1989Louise SimonelliReduced-scale racing system
    US-2006072917-A1April 06, 2006Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Structure for attaching stereoscopic camera in vehicle
    US-7589883-B2September 15, 2009Donnelly CorporationVehicular exterior mirror
    US-5289321-AFebruary 22, 1994Secor James OConsolidated rear view camera and display system for motor vehicle
    US-7826123-B2November 02, 2010Donnelly CorporationVehicular interior electrochromic rearview mirror assembly
    US-8511841-B2August 20, 2013Donnelly CorporationVehicular blind spot indicator mirror
    US-7111968-B2September 26, 2006Gentex CorporationSystems and components for enhancing rear vision from a vehicle
    US-9723274-B2August 01, 2017Ford Global Technologies, LlcSystem and method for adjusting an image capture setting
    US-8917169-B2December 23, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular vision system
    US-6757109-B2June 29, 2004Donnelly CorporationPlastic lens system for vehicle imaging system
    US-8335032-B2December 18, 2012Donnelly CorporationReflective mirror assembly
    US-9045091-B2June 02, 2015Donnelly CorporationMirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
    US-9610975-B1April 04, 2017Ford Global Technologies, LlcHitch angle detection for trailer backup assist system
    US-8993951-B2March 31, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for a vehicle
    GB-2338363-ADecember 15, 1999Graham HodgsonSystem for providing vehicle driver with rear-view video image
    US-9440535-B2September 13, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-8977008-B2March 10, 2015Donnelly CorporationDriver assistance system for vehicle
    US-8577549-B2November 05, 2013Donnelly CorporationInformation display system for a vehicle
    US-8047667-B2November 01, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicular interior rearview mirror system
    US-7967371-B2June 28, 2011Caterpillar Inc.Machine having camera and mounting strategy therefor
    US-9509957-B2November 29, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicle imaging system
    US-6067111-AMay 23, 2000Daimlerchrylser AgSystem for optical acquisition of the road
    US-4910591-AMarch 20, 1990Edward Petrossian, Petrossian Ashkhen ASide and rear viewing apparatus for motor vehicles
    US-6611202-B2August 26, 2003Donnelly CorporationVehicle camera display system
    US-2010027119-A1February 04, 2010Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc.Receiver/emitter cover utilizing active material actuation
    US-9566911-B2February 14, 2017Ford Global Technologies, LlcVehicle trailer angle detection system and method
    US-9878670-B2January 30, 2018Donnelly CorporationVariable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
    US-RE37709-EMay 21, 2002Ultrak, Inc.System for recording and modifying behavior of passenger in passenger vehicles
    US-8063759-B2November 22, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicle vision system
    US-2006232670-A1October 19, 2006Fu-Lai ChuVehicle monitoring apparatus
    US-8670035-B2March 11, 2014Marc RobertSide mirror system with video display
    WO-0044605-A1August 03, 2000Valtion Teknillinen TutkimuskeskusMethod and arrangement for reversing a vehicle
    US-9598018-B2March 21, 2017Gentex CorporationDisplay mirror assembly
    US-9779313-B2October 03, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicle vision system with trailer angle detection
    US-8179586-B2May 15, 2012Donnelly CorporationRearview mirror assembly for vehicle
    US-9140789-B2September 22, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Forward facing sensing system for vehicle
    US-9341914-B2May 17, 2016Donnelly CorporationVariable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
    US-7914188-B2March 29, 2011Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system for a vehicle
    US-8434919-B2May 07, 2013Donnelly CorporationAdaptive forward lighting system for vehicle
    US-9278654-B2March 08, 2016Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system for vehicle
    US-6822563-B2November 23, 2004Donnelly CorporationVehicle imaging system with accessory control
    US-9315151-B2April 19, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assist system for vehicle
    US-7499100-B2March 03, 2009Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Structure for attaching stereoscopic camera in vehicle
    US-2007041110-A1February 22, 2007Gentex CorporationVehicular rearview components and assemblies
    FR-2841488-A1January 02, 2004Valeo Systemes EssuyageDetector, especially of obstacles to parking behind motor vehicle, has transparent window with liquid spray and vibrator to clean it
    US-8653959-B2February 18, 2014Donnelly CorporationVideo mirror system for a vehicle
    US-8379289-B2February 19, 2013Donnelly CorporationRearview mirror assembly for vehicle
    US-9008369-B2April 14, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-9836060-B2December 05, 2017Ford Global Technologies, LlcTrailer backup assist system with target management
    US-7898398-B2March 01, 2011Donnelly CorporationInterior mirror system
    US-5060072-AOctober 22, 1991Sony CorporationCcd imager with positive and mirror image output
    US-9229452-B2January 05, 2016Ford Global Technologies, The Regents Of The University Of MichiganDetection of and counter-measures for jackknife enabling conditions during trailer backup assist
    US-2008044061-A1February 21, 2008Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.Image processor and vehicle surrounding visual field support device
    US-9019090-B2April 28, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-8017898-B2September 13, 2011Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular imaging system in an automatic headlamp control system
    US-9834216-B2December 05, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular control system using cameras and radar sensor
    US-9129528-B2September 08, 2015Ford Global TechnologiesTrailer active back-up assist with lane width HMI
    US-2004036768-A1February 26, 2004Green L. DerekSystem and method for electronically viewing behind a vehicle
    US-7855755-B2December 21, 2010Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror assembly with display
    US-8814401-B2August 26, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular vision system
    US-2005190261-A1September 01, 2005Hamdan Majed M., Custer Robert J., Pfefferl David J., Claude AbrahamVehicle video processing system
    US-7380948-B2June 03, 2008Donnelly CorporationImage sensing system for a vehicle
    US-9014904-B2April 21, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for vehicle
    US-8676491-B2March 18, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assist system for vehicle
    US-8755984-B2June 17, 2014Ford Global Technologies, The Regents Of The University Of MichiganManaging jackknife enabling conditions during backing of a trailer by reducing speed of a vehicle backing the trailer
    US-8508384-B2August 13, 2013Donnelly CorporationRearview mirror assembly for vehicle
    US-8294975-B2October 23, 2012Donnelly CorporationAutomotive rearview mirror assembly
    US-7567291-B2July 28, 2009Gentex CorporationVehicle vision system
    US-9469250-B2October 18, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Vision display system for vehicle
    US-7728721-B2June 01, 2010Donnelly CorporationAccessory system suitable for use in a vehicle
    US-7402786-B2July 22, 2008Donnelly CorporationVehicle headlight control using imaging sensor with spectral filtering
    US-8100568-B2January 24, 2012Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system for a vehicle
    US-9495876-B2November 15, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular camera with on-board microcontroller
    US-9037349-B2May 19, 2015Ford Global TechnologiesTrailer identification system for trailer backup assist
    US-9834146-B2December 05, 2017Gentex CorporationAutomatic display mirror assembly
    US-8727547-B2May 20, 2014Donnelly CorporationVariable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
    US-7325935-B2February 05, 2008Donnelly CorporationImage sensing system for a vehicle
    US-7949152-B2May 24, 2011Donnelly CorporationDriver assistance system for vehicle
    US-7227459-B2June 05, 2007Donnelly CorporationVehicle imaging system
    US-9555803-B2January 31, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for vehicle
    US-7792329-B2September 07, 2010Donnelly CorporationImaging system for vehicle
    US-9248858-B2February 02, 2016Ford Global TechnologiesTrailer backup assist system
    US-2004124973-A1July 01, 2004Brown James B.Corner-post mounted, status light display for a semi-trailer
    US-9789821-B2October 17, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Imaging and display system for vehicle
    US-9264672-B2February 16, 2016Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.Vision display system for vehicle
    US-9809171-B2November 07, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-2002075387-A1June 20, 2002Holger JanssenArrangement and process for monitoring the surrounding area of an automobile
    US-9609289-B2March 28, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-7619508-B2November 17, 2009Donnelly CorporationVideo mirror system for a vehicle
    US-8121787-B2February 21, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular video mirror system
    US-9598014-B2March 21, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vision display system for vehicle
    US-9643605-B2May 09, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle
    US-9783115-B2October 10, 2017Donnelly CorporationRearview mirror assembly for vehicle
    US-8314689-B2November 20, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular vision system
    US-8162493-B2April 24, 2012Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror assembly for vehicle
    US-7339149-B1March 04, 2008Donnelly CorporationVehicle headlight control using imaging sensor
    US-7579940-B2August 25, 2009Donnelly CorporationInformation display system for a vehicle
    US-2004021956-A1February 05, 2004Donnelly Corporation, A Corporation Of The State Of MichiganWide angle imaging system
    US-8049640-B2November 01, 2011Donnelly CorporationMirror assembly for vehicle
    US-8599001-B2December 03, 2013Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular vision system
    US-2008068520-A1March 20, 2008Minikey Danny L Jr, Newton Mark W, Lee Ethan J, Tonar William L, Tuttle Darin D, Cammenga David J, Anderson John S, Ostreko John B, Kemperman Christian M, Blaker David AVehicle Rearview Mirror Assembly Including a High Intensity Display
    US-8492698-B2July 23, 2013Donnelly CorporationDriver assistance system for a vehicle
    US-7344261-B2March 18, 2008Donnelly CorporationVehicular vision system
    US-7994462-B2August 09, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicular image sensing system
    US-8203443-B2June 19, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicle vision system
    US-7815326-B2October 19, 2010Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system
    US-2005190262-A1September 01, 2005Hamdan Majed M.Vehicle video recording and processing system
    DE-9201038-U1April 02, 1992Leube, Karl-Heinz, 5820 Gevelsberg, De
    DE-4015927-A1November 22, 1990Fuji Heavy Ind LtdControl system for television monitor in vehicle
    US-2003025793-A1February 06, 2003Mcmahon Martha A.Video processor module for use in a vehicular video system
    US-7616781-B2November 10, 2009Donnelly CorporationDriver assistance system for vehicle
    US-7543947-B2June 09, 2009Donnelly CorporationVehicular rearview mirror element having a display-on-demand display
    US-8842176-B2September 23, 2014Donnelly CorporationAutomatic vehicle exterior light control
    US-9037350-B2May 19, 2015Ford Global TechnologiesDetection of and counter-measures for jackknife enabling conditions during trailer backup assist
    US-9481306-B2November 01, 2016Donnelly CorporationAutomotive communication system
    US-2003222982-A1December 04, 2003Hamdan Majil M., Waltz Mark W., Losh Dennis M., Pfefferl David J., Grolle Ken A.Integrated video/data information system and method for application to commercial vehicles to enhance driver awareness
    US-9164955-B2October 20, 2015Ford Global TechnologiesTrailer active back-up assist with object avoidance
    US-8355839-B2January 15, 2013Donnelly CorporationVehicle vision system with night vision function
    US-7972045-B2July 05, 2011Donnelly CorporationAutomatic headlamp control system
    US-7821697-B2October 26, 2010Donnelly CorporationExterior reflective mirror element for a vehicular rearview mirror assembly
    US-6078355-AJune 20, 2000Zengel; John A.Vehicle periphery monitoring system
    US-6897449-B1May 24, 2005Canon Kabushiki KaishaTwo-dimensional image pickup apparatus
    US-2004130622-A1July 08, 2004Heinrich Lang, Jaap-Jan Snel, Jorg Scholler, Michael WitzkeInternally mounted, movable camera for vehicles
    US-7474963-B2January 06, 2009Donnelly CorporationNavigational mirror system for a vehicle
    US-9683848-B2June 20, 2017Ford Global Technologies, LlcSystem for determining hitch angle
    US-7655894-B2February 02, 2010Donnelly CorporationVehicular image sensing system
    US-9854209-B2December 26, 2017Ford Global Technologies, LlcDisplay system utilizing vehicle and trailer dynamics
    US-8106347-B2January 31, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicle rearview mirror system
    US-9694752-B2July 04, 2017Gentex CorporationFull display mirror actuator
    US-8044776-B2October 25, 2011Donnelly CorporationRear vision system for vehicle
    US-9694753-B2July 04, 2017Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc.Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
    US-7568823-B2August 04, 2009Gentex CorporationSystems and components for enhancing rear vision from a vehicle
    US-8481910-B2July 09, 2013Donnelly CorporationVehicular image sensing system
    US-8070332-B2December 06, 2011Magna Electronics Inc.Automatic lighting system with adaptive function
    US-9809168-B2November 07, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assist system for vehicle
    US-8000894-B2August 16, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicular wireless communication system
    ES-2302600-A1July 16, 2008Pablo Saavedra RodriguezRetrovisor interior para vehiculos automoviles.
    US-8465162-B2June 18, 2013Donnelly CorporationVehicular interior rearview mirror system
    US-8559093-B2October 15, 2013Donnelly CorporationElectrochromic mirror reflective element for vehicular rearview mirror assembly
    US-8508383-B2August 13, 2013Magna Mirrors of America, IncInterior rearview mirror system
    US-8339526-B2December 25, 2012Gentex CorporationVehicle rearview mirror assembly including a high intensity display
    US-8462204-B2June 11, 2013Donnelly CorporationVehicular vision system
    US-8886401-B2November 11, 2014Donnelly CorporationDriver assistance system for a vehicle
    US-9694751-B2July 04, 2017Gentex CorporationRearview assembly
    US-8095310-B2January 10, 2012Donnelly CorporationVideo mirror system for a vehicle
    US-8908040-B2December 09, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Imaging system for vehicle
    US-9018577-B2April 28, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicular imaging system with camera misalignment correction and capturing image data at different resolution levels dependent on distance to object in field of view
    US-9244165-B1January 26, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Forward facing sensing system for vehicle
    US-9376060-B2June 28, 2016Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assist system for vehicle
    US-9637051-B2May 02, 2017Winplus North America, Inc.System for monitoring an area adjacent a vehicle
    US-9558409-B2January 31, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vehicle vision system with trailer angle detection
    US-8324552-B2December 04, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular image sensing system
    US-2006251502-A1November 09, 2006Kurt ScharfenbergerCommercial vehicle, especially a truck with a lifting loading platform
    US-9085261-B2July 21, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Rear vision system with trailer angle detection
    US-8427288-B2April 23, 2013Donnelly CorporationRear vision system for a vehicle
    US-2006232389-A1October 19, 2006Fu Lai ChuVehicle monitoring apparatus
    US-9511715-B2December 06, 2016Gentex CorporationBacklighting assembly for display for reducing cross-hatching
    US-8451107-B2May 28, 2013Magna Electronics, Inc.Imaging system for vehicle
    US-2004032321-A1February 19, 2004Mcmahon Martha A., Bingle Robert L.Vehicle imaging system
    US-8325055-B2December 04, 2012Donnelly CorporationMirror assembly for vehicle
    US-8629768-B2January 14, 2014Donnelly CorporationVehicle vision system
    US-6922292-B2July 26, 2005Donnelly CorporationWide angle imaging system
    US-2006139483-A1June 29, 2006Woonki JungScanning video camera
    US-9557584-B2January 31, 2017Donnelly CorporationRearview mirror assembly for vehicle
    US-2004179098-A1September 16, 2004Haehn Craig S., Matko Mark A., Johnson Duane R.Image reversing for infrared camera
    US-2003103141-A1June 05, 2003Bechtel Jon H., Stam Joseph S., Fossum Eric R., Kemeny Sabrina E.Vehicle vision system
    US-8194132-B2June 05, 2012Old World Industries, LlcSystem for monitoring an area adjacent a vehicle
    US-2005231892-A1October 20, 2005Harvey Troy AHigh energy density electric double-layer capacitor and method for producing the same
    US-7643200-B2January 05, 2010Donnelly Corp.Exterior reflective mirror element for a vehicle rearview mirror assembly
    US-7697027-B2April 13, 2010Donnelly CorporationVehicular video system
    US-7403709-B2July 22, 2008Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Structure for attaching stereoscopic camera in vehicle
    US-2008231744-A1September 25, 2008Kunaal Khanna, Rahul Visal, Kelley Craig BMachine having camera and mounting strategy therefor
    US-2007017642-A1January 25, 2007Bauer Frederick T, Lois Bauer, Roberts John K, Stam Joseph SSystems and Components for Enhancing Rear Vision from a Vehicle
    EP-0758834-A2February 19, 1997HE HOLDINGS, INC. dba HUGHES ELECTRONICSKostengünstiges Nachsichtgerät für Fahrzeuge und Verfahren zur Montage
    GB-2386424-ASeptember 17, 2003Eastern Mastec CorpSwitching device for image reversion in rear monitoring camera
    US-7926960-B2April 19, 2011Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system for vehicle
    US-8203440-B2June 19, 2012Donnelly CorporationVehicular vision system
    US-9731653-B2August 15, 2017Magna Electronics Inc.Vision display system for vehicle
    US-2007035625-A9February 15, 2007Hamdan Majed M, Custer Robert J, Pfefferl David J, Claude AbrahamVehicle video processing system
    US-9041806-B2May 26, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Imaging and display system for vehicle
    US-7355629-B2April 08, 2008Lang Mekra North America, LlcInternally mounted, movable camera for vehicles
    US-7994471-B2August 09, 2011Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system with forwardly-viewing camera
    US-8614640-B2December 24, 2013Magna Electronics Inc.Forward facing sensing system for vehicle
    US-9131120-B2September 08, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Multi-camera vision system for a vehicle
    US-9376061-B2June 28, 2016Donnelly CorporationAccessory system of a vehicle
    GB-2386424-BFebruary 11, 2004Eastern Mastec CorpSwitching device for right and left image reversion in rear monitoring camera of automobile
    US-2011199485-A1August 18, 2011Sony CorporationCamera device
    US-7325934-B2February 05, 2008Donnelly CorporationImage sensing system for a vehicle
    US-8090153-B2January 03, 2012Donnelly CorporationImaging system for vehicle
    US-2005083184-A1April 21, 2005Donnelly CorporationVehicle imaging system with stereo imaging
    DE-4304005-A1August 18, 1994Pranab Dr SarmaMonitoring device for vehicles
    US-8164817-B2April 24, 2012Donnelly CorporationMethod of forming a mirrored bent cut glass shape for vehicular exterior rearview mirror assembly
    US-9555832-B2January 31, 2017Ford Global Technologies, LlcDisplay system utilizing vehicle and trailer dynamics
    US-8019505-B2September 13, 2011Donnelly CorporationVehicle information display
    US-6870473-B2March 22, 2005Wabash National, L.P.Corner-post mounted, status light display for a semi-trailer
    US-8833987-B2September 16, 2014Donnelly CorporationMirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
    US-8400704-B2March 19, 2013Donnelly CorporationInterior rearview mirror system for a vehicle
    US-8643722-B2February 04, 2014Cerevellum Design, LlcRear-view display system for a bicycle
    US-D800618-SOctober 24, 2017Gentex CorporationToggle paddle for a rear view device
    US-9187124-B2November 17, 2015Ford Global TechnologiesSteering input apparatus for trailer backup assist system
    US-2002014594-A1February 07, 2002Takashi EndoRadiation imaging system
    US-9193303-B2November 24, 2015Magna Electronics Inc.Driver assistance system for vehicle
    US-9868463-B2January 16, 2018Magna Electronics Inc.Parking assist system
    US-8665079-B2March 04, 2014Magna Electronics Inc.Vision system for vehicle